Kirk Sorensen’s Presentation on the Thorium Molten Salt Reactor (Protospace, Calgary, March 31/2011)
I had the good fortune of attending this talk on March 31 at Protospace in Calgary. Kirk Sorensen did an excellent job at providing us with the historical background of the Thorium Molten Salt Reactor and the promise that this technology holds for us and for our children. I am even more optimistic for the future after witnessing this and was a welcome respite from the negativity broadcasted at us daily. Good show, Kirk! Keep up the good work
Prof. Dr. Vincent Courtillot’s Presentation at the International Energy and Climate Change Conference (IEKK)
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That translates to:
Yesterday, as the Chinese Academy of Sciences started the first one of the strategic leader in science and technology projects, “the future of advanced nuclear fission energy – nuclear energy, thorium-based molten salt reactor system” project was officially launched. The scientific goal is to use 20 years or so, developed a new generation of nuclear energy systems, all the technical level reached in the trial and have all intellectual property rights.
You can read all about it over at Kirk Sorensen’s EnergyFromThorium site:
The People’s Republic of China has initiated a research and development project in thorium molten-salt reactor technology, it was announced in the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) annual conferenceon Tuesday, January 25. An article in the Wenhui News followed on Wednesday (Google English translation). Chinese researchers also announced this development on the Energy from Thorium Discussion Forum.
(read the rest)
I have been following the work of Wal Thornhill by reading the excellent posts at his website, The Electric Universe. While you are there, you can follow the links to Thunderbolts .. where you can find this excellent article. Of particular interest to me were his references to Ralph Juergens and the following quote:
The idea of turbulent convection delivering endless loads of energy upward from the unseen depths of the Sun conflicts not only with the ordered structure of the photosphere but also with the observable integrity of individual granules. The nodules of plasma appear, endure for some minutes, then fade away… Minnaert once published an analysis of photospheric behavior in terms of the Reynolds number. He found the critical value to lie near 103. The actual Reynolds number of the photosphere, as calculated from observable characteristics of the plasma, turned out to be in excess of 1011, which is to say, at least 100 million times greater than the critical value. Clearly, then, any convective motion in the photosphere should be violently turbulent and highly disordered, as Minnaert indeed pointed out. Practically in his next breath, however, Minnaert asserted that ‘The variable forms of the granules and their short lifetimes are evidence of nonstationary convection.’ Such an abrupt about-face is startling. Apparently Minnaert, himself, was disquieted; he immediately set out to minimize his non sequitur by suggesting ways and means for disregarding the classical theory of turbulence to make things come out right for the photosphere.
– Ralph E. Juergens.
I found this at the excellent Thunderbolts site, their latest Picture of the Day. What you see is an image of the Crab Nebula taken by the Chandra X-Ray Observatory, revealing what is described as “astonishing structure and energy levels”.
We are constantly being bludgeoned about the head with the notion that the universe is dominated by gravity and that electrical currents and magnetic fields (which are only 40 orders of magnitude stronger than gravity) have no significant influence on stars, galaxies, pulsars, etc. As you can tell from the above image, this is emphatically not the case. My favorite takeaway from this article is the following (emphasis mine):
A neutron star has so much matter squeezed into it that the electrons have been squeezed into the nucleus to combine with the protons there and form neutrons. The uncharged neutrons are then packed together, as congested as commuters at rush hour. The pulsations of the pulsar are attributed to a hot spot on its surface that sends a flash of radiation with each rotation of the star. Its operation is analogous to a lighthouse light, back when such lights were mechanically rotating devices, before they were converted to electrically pulsed lamps.
The Crab Nebula’s pulsar pulses 30 times a second. This would mean that the star rotates 30 times a second. This would mean that the centrifugal force is stronger than the star’s gravity … which would mean that the star tore itself apart a long time ago, except that consensus opinion crammed in additional matter to bump up the mass sufficiently to increase the gravitational force enough to hold it together.
The standard model of comets has taken some hits. A Deep Impact, you might say:
This is a profound and powerful way to visualize the periodic table of the elements – due to the fact that it mirrors 3-D physical reality:
Geometry of the Periodic Table.
It can be observed that four blocks of ADOMAH Periodic Table, that is built strictly in accordance with the quantum numbers n, l, ml and ms, follow quite curious rule: perimeters of all blocks are equal to 18 units (if elements are placed in rectangular boxes so that any given pair of elements fits in one unit square, see“Description” page): or
s-block is 1 unit high and 8 units long (or wide) (1+8 = 9, is half of the perimeter);
p-block is 3 units high and 6 units long (3+6 = 9);
d-block is 5 units high and 4 units long (5+4 = 9);
f-block is 7 units high and 2 units long (7 +2 = 9);
Therefore, perimeter of each block: P=2×9=18 units.
Those are only four possible rectangles that could have perimeter of 18, if only natural numbers are used. What can it possibly mean? Can it be a coincidence?
Apparently not, this is not a coincidence. In 3D world there is one geometric shape that, if sliced in a certain way, would produce rectangles with the same proportions, orientation, alignment and order as spdf blocks of ADOMAH Periodic Table. This shape is Regular Tetrahedron!
If a regular tetrahedron with edge E is intersected by a plane that is parallel to two opposite edges, cross section will always be a rectangle or a square with perimeter P=2E.
Proportions of fdps blocks of ADOMAH PT, as well as their sequence, alignment and orientation, suggest only one possible conclusion: all four blocks of the Periodic Table are consecutive slices of Regular Tetrahedron, with edges equal to 9 units, produced by the planes spaced 2 units apart, as measured along the edges.
There is another indication that the Periodic System has something to do with regular tetrahedron: Atomic Number of every other alkaline earth element (Be, Ca, Ba, Ubn…) corresponds to every second Tetrahedral Number: 1, 4, 10, 20, 35, 56, 84, 120… Remaining alkaline earth elements (Mg, Sr and Ra) have atomic numbers that are equidistant between the Tetrahedral Numbers shown above in bold: 12=(4+20)/2, 38=(20+56)/2, 88=(56+120)/2. See more on this topic below.
Generally, a Periodic System of any size can be described in terms of a regular tetrahedron with edge E:
1) number of the periods NOP=E-1;
2) number of values of the quantum number ‘n’: n max=E-1
3) number of blocks representing subshells (number of values of ‘l’): NOS=ceil(0.5(E-1)), where ceil stands for “ceiling function”, that means “rounded to a higher integer if the result has fractional part” (in case of even ‘E’).
4) maximum value of quantum number ‘l’: l max=ceil(0.5(E-3))
5) dimensions of the subshell blocks corresponding to l =0,1…, l max:
as measured along the periods a=4l +2 elements; as measured along the groups b=E-(2l +1).
6) number of elements in each block corresponding to quantum number l =0,1…, l max:
7) length of the periods: LP=2(l’ +1)2 ( here, l’ is the maximum value of l for each period).
8) number of the elements (NOE) in the periodic system that corresponds to the tetrahedron with edge ‘E’:
, where lmax=ceil(0.5(E-3)) as defined above.